Family Life in  India
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FAMILY LIFE IN INDIA

Daily Life
People who live in the different parts of India have beliefs, traditions and ways of living that are very different from people in other regions. Houses made with palm leaves in the southern part of India are not the same as the stone houses in the Himalayas or the houseboats of the Kashmir region. 


Daily life for the families that live in these regions is also very different. 
Family life in India also depends on the culture, the caste, the wealth and the religion of the family, along with the environmental differences in the region.
See More of Indian Daily Life in Photos from MadNomad

Roles of Family Members
The traditional roles that members in the family carry out are changing, especially in the large cities. Most Indian families share some important ideas about family life. Most people in India value family unity and mutual support for all members of the family. 

Many families include more than just parents and children. Grandparents, aunts and uncles and cousins have very close ties and may even live together in the same home. Elders are respected for their experience and wisdom and help guide younger members throughout their lives. Grandparents living with their children will help with household chores and looking after the younger children. Children are brought up to respect family ties and decisions. 

Family life in India is strongly supported by Hindu religious beliefs. Important life events such as when a baby is given its first solid food or first haircut are given special importance in ceremonies and rituals.

In the past men have been responsible for bringing in the money needed to support their family, although women, even in rural areas, have always worked to contribute to the family's well-being. Women in India today have started earning much more money to add to the family income, but men still do not do housework. 

If the mother is not working out of the home she will have a daughter help with housework, but will not ask a son to do so. The role of women has been and continues to be mainly focused on taking care of the home and looking after the younger children and older relatives. 

Marriages
Although not as many marriages are arranged by parents as happened in the past, there are still many marriages that are set up by the parents of the couple getting married. Married couples are often from the same caste (traditional Hindu social class) and religious background. If the marriages are not set up by the parents or grandparents, they are often promoted by relatives or close friends of the family.

 Find out more about marriages in India

Living Conditions
Living conditions are very different from place to place and among different groups of people. The wealthy families, especially in large cities have modern houses and even servants and cars. The poor in cities and in rural areas live in simple huts or small houses with thatched roofs. In between these extremes are the middle class people who live in small apartments or modest homes. 
The poorer areas of large cities do not have enough decent houses, so many people live in shacks or slum areas. 

Traffic in Indian cities includes an interesting mix of cars, trucks and buses, bicycles and rickshaws, along with carts pulled by animals, all jammed together and desperately trying to avoid the cows and other animals that seem to have equal rights to travel the streets as people do.

Find out more about India's largest city - Mumbai



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The Mundan ceremony is the Hindu ritual when a child receives his/her first haircut.
This special ceremony usually happens in the first few years of life. The child’s hair is completely shaved except for a tuft on top of the head.
In the Hindu reincarnation belief, hair from birth holds some of the unwanted traits of past lives. At the time of the mundan, the child is shaven to free him/her from the past.
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India is the world's largest democracy.

In 1966 the people elected its first woman Prime Minister, Mrs. Indira Gandhi, to lead the government.
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