The Land of   India
All About

India - Deccan Odyssey

India is a large triangle shaped country in southern Asia. The southern tip of the country points into the Indian Ocean.

A map maker would say that India is a peninsula because it is surrounded on three sides by water. To the southeast is the Bay of Bengal, while the Indian Ocean and the island country of Sri Lanka is to the south and the Arabian Sea to the southwest.

See Wikipedia article on India

Where do people live in India?

Click here to see a population map of India

Click here to compare to other countries.

About living in a village in India

About living in a city in India

Click on the image below to find out more

about the Himalayan Mountains in India


India's size, land forms and range of climates are so great that it is often called a subcontinent. It is separated from the rest of Asia by the towering Himalayan Mountains, the tallest range of mountains in the world. These mountains formed because of a collision of the tectonic plate under India and the larger land mass of Asia many millions of years ago.               



The snow-covered mountain peaks in northern India flatten into a great plain formed around the Ganges River. The western part of this flat region is the Thar Desert and the dry plains of Rajasthan. Further to the east, the plain is one of wettest places on earth. In some places up to 15 metres of rain falls on the land each year. The Ganges River flows west and downwards toward the Bay of Bengal.

Find out More About the Ganges River

Photo tour of the Ganges River

Photo Tour of the Thar Desert

The middle of India rises into a high flat plateau, called the Deccan Plateau. Along both of its sides are two thin ranges of hills, called the Western and Eastern Ghats

Far to the south, sandy beaches line the Indian Ocean.

About India's Regions

The table below shows the highest mountain peaks in the four countries we are studying.


Several countries are neighbors to India in the north. Pakistan is to the northwest, while China, Tibet, Nepal and Bhutan are north and northeast. Directly east is Myanmar. The country of  Bangladesh sits inside the eastern part of India, leaving only a thin connection to the far eastern states of India.

Gurudogmar Lake at 5, 500 m

                                                                                                                                                                at Sikkim, India.

                                                                                                                                                            Credit: Karamjeet Singh

The Ganges River runs for 2 600 kilometres from the Himalayas east to the Bay of Bengal. For the people of India it is a symbol of life, purity, and the sacred.
A man bathing in the Ganges River.
Credit: Karl Grobl

Did You Know?
Ghat is the name of two mountain ranges in India. It is also a word that means "steps." These steps can be found on the banks of the Ganges River to bring Hindu believers closer to the river. There are funeral ghats, ghats for making offerings and ghats for cleansing.

 About the Ghats in Varanasi
 Pictures of Varanasi
Ganges River
Central Region
The Himalayas
Southern India
Mountain Comparison

Click on the video (left) to view a short overview of India’s important geographical features.

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